Of all the Canary Islands, El Hierro is a paradise to discover. This seventh island has always remained outside the tourist current, to the great joy of those who want and need to preserve it as it is. In addition, in 2000, the island was declared a WORLD BIOSPHERE RESERVE by UNESCO.

geoparque el hierro

 -----> Arte video  : "El Hierro, le secret des Canaries"

 

El Hierro is the smallest island in the Canary Islands and is located in the southwest of the archipelago. Its 478km2 offers a variety of landscapes: from arid and volcanic formations in the south and west, to the fertile Gulf Valley in the northwest of the vineyards and plantations, to the dense pine and laurel forest in the central area of the island.

 

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The coasts of El Hierro are made up of inaccessible and very steep rocky cliffs with a height of up to 1000 metres, coves and natural pools. "Los Archos", "Charco Azul" or "Tacoròn" are just a few of them where the tranquility of a swim in clear water is a privileged moment of relaxation.

 

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On the plateau at the top of the island are fields lined with small volcanic stone walls where sheep and goats feed on herbs, mosses and cactus plants.

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On the El Pinar side ("the pine"), the village is surrounded by a gigantic forest of giant pines whose needles strewn ground is used by farmers as animal bedding, thus using an inexhaustible and ecological resource and limiting the spread of possible fires.

The Canary Islands are called "the islands of eternal spring" because they offer a mild and pleasant climate all year round (from 20°C in winter to 28°C in summer) with the presence of alizes and Saharan winds, thus allowing the presence of sub-tropical vegetation. Prickly pear trees, almond trees, banana trees, mango trees and cultivated or wild vineyards grow in abundance.

The weather in El Hierro is moderate all year round. On the coast, the temperature varies from 19°C to 30°C with a light breeze most of the year... The higher you go, the cooler the air gets, a small jacket is required. The nights are generally cool and clear, with very little light pollution, so the stars are spectacular (there is an observatory on the island). The water temperature is 19°C in winter and up to 25°C in summer. La Restinga is the most deserted part of El Hierro and its surroundings contrast sharply with the rest of the island. The vast majority of days are sunny with temperatures around 25°C.

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A little history....

We do not know for sure what the origin of El Hierro's name is, but we believe that it could be a derivation of the island's ancient canary language. The word refers to the island as "Hero" or "Esero". The Spanish name of the metal "hierro", i. e. "iron", apparently has nothing to do with it.

From the second century A.D. onwards, Ptolemy considered the "Meridian Zero" as the one who crossed the western tip of the island, at the Orchilla lighthouse. It remained so until 1883, when the Greenwich meridian was discovered. That is why the island of El Hierro is still known as "the island of the meridian", which translates into "Meridiano Cero"...

 

 

 

el hierro eoliennes            

Since June 2014, 5 wind turbines installed in the northwest of the island have ensured, in addition to a set of seawater retention basins, the energy independence of this small rock of less than 300 square kilometres. 365 days a year, the 10,000 inhabitants of El Hierro are supplied with green electricity via this innovative hydro-wind turbine power plant.

Since the end of 2014, El Hierro has been the first green island in the world, totally autonomous in terms of electricity.

 

 

 

 

LINKS:

El Hierro tourism Office

Canaries Toursim Office

El Hierro : UNESCO World Biosphere

El Hierro : 1st energetic autonomous island

Geoparque El Hierro